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ROY Revisited, Again: The Eighth Solved Structure


X-ray powder diffraction and crystal structure prediction (CSP) algorithms were used in synergy to establish the crystal structure of the eighth polymorph of 5-methyl-2-[(2-nitrophenyl)amino]-3-thiophenecarbonitrile (ROY), form R05. R05 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2_1 with lattice parameters a = 11.479(4) Å, b = 11.030(1) Å, c = 10.840(6) Å,, β = 118.23(1). This is both the first acentric ROY polymorph, and the first with Z' > 1. The torsion angles defined by the S-C-N-C atom sequence of each molecule in the asymmetric unit are -34.0 and 44.9. These angles fall between those previously determined for the red and orange forms of ROY. Hirshfeld surface analysis was employed to understand the crystal packing and intermolecular interactions in R05 and an updated energy stability ranking was determined using computational methods. Although the application of CSP was critical to the structure solution of R05, energy stability rankings determined using a series of DFT vdW-inclusive models substantially deviate from experiment, indicating that ROY polymorphism continues to be a challenge for CSP.

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Feb 2018, accepted on 02 May 2018 and first published on 02 May 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8FD00039E
Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    ROY Revisited, Again: The Eighth Solved Structure

    M. Tan, A. Shtukenberg, S. Zhu, W. Xu, E. Dooryhee, S. M. Nichols, M. D. Ward, B. Kahr and Q. Zhu, Faraday Discuss., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8FD00039E

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