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Online monitoring of N-nitrosodimethylamine for the removal assurance of 1,4-dioxane and other trace organic compounds by reverse osmosis

Abstract

Public health protection and cost effectiveness of potable reuse can be improved by providing reliable water quality assurance for removal of trace organic compounds (TOrCs) by reverse osmosis (RO) membrane. This study evaluated the effectiveness of online monitoring of N-nitrosodimethlyamine (NDMA) removal by RO system to ensure the removal of low molecular weight TOrCs. Among TOrCs, the main focus was placed on 1,4-dioxane due to the limited information for RO. Laboratory-scale experiments showed that the rejection of 1,4-dioxane by two commercial RO membranes — ESPA2 and HYDRA (98 and 99%, respectively) — was higher than that of NDMA (57 and 81%, respectively). Pilot-scale experiments using a treated wastewater identified a strong linear correlation between 1,4-dioxane and NDMA rejection over a range of feed temperature. Pilot-scale results also demonstrated the applicability of NDMA a conservative performance indicator for 46 other TOrCs at two different RO feed temperatures. These results suggest that online monitoring of NDMA in RO feed and permeate can allow for ensuring the removal of larger TOrCs, which could provide additional protection of public health in potable reuse.

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 May 2018, accepted on 10 Sep 2018 and first published on 10 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8EW00271A
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Online monitoring of N-nitrosodimethylamine for the removal assurance of 1,4-dioxane and other trace organic compounds by reverse osmosis

    T. Fujioka, H. Kodamatani, H. Takeuchi, H. Tanaka and L. Nghiem, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8EW00271A

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