Micromotors for environmental applications: a review
Self-propelled micromotors represent a new paradigm in the environmental field, greatly enhancing the efficiency of traditional operations due to the actively moving matter phenomena. This review highlights current opportunities and challenges in the use of micromotors for enhancing pollutant degradation and removal, accelerating bacterial killing or enabling dynamic environmental monitoring. Such studies exemplify the wide range of potential environmental applications of dynamic micromachines associated with their continuous motion, force and functionality. We will conclude with the challenges of moving these exciting advances from the bench scale to larger-scale field applications.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Environmental Science: Nano Recent Review Articles and Best Papers 2018 – Environmental Science: Nano