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Issue 4, 2018
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Rapid detection of nutrients with electronic sensors: a review

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Nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus are key indexes in evaluating water eutrophication. Electronic sensors, i.e., potentiometric sensors, voltammetric sensors, and field-effect transistor (FET) sensors, that rely on electrical signals (e.g., potential, current and resistance) have shown unique properties and capabilities in detecting nutrients. Compared with conventional methods, these electronic sensors enable a rapid and low-level detection of nitrogen salts and phosphates in water. Over the past decades various sensor designs and sensing elements have been studied and reported. With the development of nanomaterials, the performance of electronic sensors has been further improved, presenting tremendous opportunities for detecting nutrients and other water contaminants. This review article will introduce the recent progress of electronic sensors in detecting nitrogen salts and phosphates, and will discuss current limitations and future directions for these sensors.

Graphical abstract: Rapid detection of nutrients with electronic sensors: a review

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The article was received on 04 Dec 2017, accepted on 08 Mar 2018 and first published on 09 Mar 2018

Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C7EN01160A
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Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018,5, 837-862

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    Rapid detection of nutrients with electronic sensors: a review

    X. Chen, G. Zhou, S. Mao and J. Chen, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2018, 5, 837
    DOI: 10.1039/C7EN01160A

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