Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 9, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

PAHs in fine particles over Xi'an, a typical northwestern city in China: sources, distribution, and controlling factors

Author affiliations

Abstract

Levels of particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are affected by emission as well as multiple factors. In this study, we investigated the sources, uptake, affinity, and removal mechanism of PAHs in fine particles (PM2.5). The source strength was analyzed with source apportionment, which was conducted by principal component analysis (PCA), positive matrix factorization (PMF) and diagnostic ratio analysis. The octanol–air and soot–air partitioning model was used to elucidate the partitioning behavior of PM2.5 PAHs. And the chemical reactivity of PM2.5 PAHs was analyzed to explain PAH removal from particles. Coal combustion, biomass burning, and vehicle emissions comprised the major sources of PAHs. The process of partitioning was thermally controlled and component-dependent. Heterogeneous reactions with NO2, OH, and O3, as well as the aqueous reaction, effectively reduced PM2.5 PAH levels. The systematic analysis combined with field observations revealed that the emission strength is the dominant factor controlling PM2.5 PAH distribution. The source strength governed the levels of PM2.5 PAHs, though uptake, partitioning behavior, chemical removal kinetics, and peripheral conditions had a non-ignorable impact. Heterogeneous and aqueous reactions were the dominant mechanisms of PAH removal from particles. This research provides a comprehensive insight into controlling factors on PM2.5 PAH distribution in Xi'an, as well as a theoretical basis for critical steps to control PAH levels.

Graphical abstract: PAHs in fine particles over Xi'an, a typical northwestern city in China: sources, distribution, and controlling factors

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 29 Mar 2018, accepted on 04 Aug 2018 and first published on 08 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8EM00144H
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2018,20, 1262-1272
  •   Request permissions

    PAHs in fine particles over Xi'an, a typical northwestern city in China: sources, distribution, and controlling factors

    Y. Zeng, Z. Shen, Y. Lei, T. Zhang, Q. Zhang, H. Xu, Q. Wang, J. Cao and Y. Liu, Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2018, 20, 1262
    DOI: 10.1039/C8EM00144H

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements