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Dynamic oxygen shield eliminates cathode degradation in lithium–oxygen batteries

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Abstract

Realizing a reversible and long-life nonaqueous lithium–oxygen (Li–O2) battery has been proven extremely challenging due to reactive reaction products/intermediates that rapidly corrode and passivate the cathode. In this work, we effectively protect the cathode from oxygenated side reactions by manipulating the fluxes of reduced discharge mediator (rDM) and O2, thereby creating a steady-state rDM-rich region which completely covers the cathode. This rDM-rich region acts as a dynamic O2 shield and isolates the cathode from oxygen reactions. We demonstrate that this strategy eliminates 98% of the by-products on the cathode, achieving a more than 10-fold increase in cycle life compared to conventional dual-mediator cells. A diffusion-reaction model is developed to assist understanding of the system and to guide future design. This work demonstrates an effective approach to achieve degradation-free cathodes for efficient and long-life Li–O2 batteries.

Graphical abstract: Dynamic oxygen shield eliminates cathode degradation in lithium–oxygen batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jul 2018, accepted on 23 Oct 2018 and first published on 23 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8EE02067A
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2018, Advance Article
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    Dynamic oxygen shield eliminates cathode degradation in lithium–oxygen batteries

    Z. Liang, Y. Zhou and Y. Lu, Energy Environ. Sci., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8EE02067A

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