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Issue 3, 2018
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Relative costs of transporting electrical and chemical energy

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Abstract

Transportation costs of energy resources are important when determining the overall economics of future energy infrastructure. The majority of long distance energy transmission occurs via merchant ships and pipelines carrying oil or natural gas. In contrast, future energy scenarios often envision vastly altered energy transportation scenarios including very high degrees of grid electrification and widespread installation of hydrogen pipelines. The unit cost of energy transportation varies by over two orders of magnitude. In particular, the costs of electricity and hydrogen transmission are substantially higher than the cost of oil and natural gas transportation. If carbon pricing is to be used to incentivize alternative energy systems, these differences in costs will need to be reduced and used when making meaningful technology comparisons.

Graphical abstract: Relative costs of transporting electrical and chemical energy

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Article information


Submitted
17 Jul 2017
Accepted
22 Jan 2018
First published
29 Jan 2018

Energy Environ. Sci., 2018,11, 469-475
Article type
Analysis

Relative costs of transporting electrical and chemical energy

F. H. Saadi, N. S. Lewis and E. W. McFarland, Energy Environ. Sci., 2018, 11, 469
DOI: 10.1039/C7EE01987D

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