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Novel bimetallic MOF phosphors with an imidazolium cation: structure, phonons, high- pressure phase transitions and optical response

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Abstract

We report the synthesis, crystal structure, phonons and luminescence properties of three novel heterometallic metal organic frameworks (MOFs) with perovskite-like topology of the following formulas: [C3H5N2]Na0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3 (ImNaCr), [C3H5N2]Na0.5Al0.5(HCOO)3 (ImNaAl) and [C3H5N2]Na0.5Al0.475Cr0.025(HCOO)3 (ImNaAlCr with 5 mol% of Cr3+). ImNaCr crystallizes in a monoclinic system (P2/n space group) with one imidazolium cation (Im+) in an asymmetric unit forming six N–H⋯O and four C–H⋯O hydrogen bonds. In contrast to other known heterometallic MOFs, the complete substitution of Cr3+ ions with smaller Al3+ ions leads to a change of the crystal symmetry. ImNaAl adopts a monoclinic P21/n space group with two distinct Im+ cations and different H-bonding patterns. The DSC measurements and XRD single-crystal studies show that the studied crystals do not undergo structural phase transitions in the 80–400 K range. The high-pressure Raman studies of ImNaCr reveal the presence of two reversible structural instabilities, first in the 0.4–1.1 GPa range and second near 4 GPa. The first pressure-induced phase transition involves weak distortion of the metal-formate framework, while the second one is associated with partial and reversible amorphization of the sample. We discuss the stability of heterometallic formate MOFs depending on their building blocks. The luminescence measurements show that both the fully concentrated crystal (ImNaCr) and the diluted one (ImNaAlCr) exhibit a Cr3+-based emission characteristic of intermediate ligand field strength. We also show that the spectroscopic properties of heterometallic MOFs depend strongly on the templated cation, i.e. the decreasing size of the organic cation leads to an increase in the crystal field.

Graphical abstract: Novel bimetallic MOF phosphors with an imidazolium cation: structure, phonons, high- pressure phase transitions and optical response

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Oct 2018, accepted on 22 Nov 2018 and first published on 05 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04246B
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article
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    Novel bimetallic MOF phosphors with an imidazolium cation: structure, phonons, high- pressure phase transitions and optical response

    M. Ptak, B. Zarychta, D. Stefańska, A. Ciupa and W. Paraguassu, Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04246B

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