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Issue 44, 2018
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Controlled iso-specific polymerization of 2-vinylpyridine catalyzed by arylamide-ligated rare-earth metal aminobenzyl complexes

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Abstract

Treatment of rare-earth tris(o-dimethylaminobenzyl) complexes Ln(CH2C6H4NMe2-o)3 with one equivalent of the pyrrolyl-functionalized arylamide ligands 2,5-Me2C4H2NCH2CH2NHC6H5 and 2,5-Me2C4H2NSiMe2NHC6H5 in toluene generated arylamide rare-earth metal bis(aminobenzyl) complexes (2,5-Me2C4H2NCH2CH2NC6H5)Ln(CH2C6H4NMe2-o)2 (Ln = Sc (1), La (2), Lu (3)) and (2,5-Me2C4H2NSiMe2NC6H5)Ln(CH2C6H4NMe2-o)2 (Ln = Lu (5), Y (6)) in good isolated yields. Reaction of Y(CH2C6H4NMe2-o)3 with 2,5-Me2C4H2NCH2CH2NHC6H5 in 1 : 1 or 1 : 2 molar ratio specifically yielded bis(arylamide) yttrium mono(aminobenzyl) complex (2,5-Me2C4H2NCH2CH2NC6H5)2Y(CH2C6H4NMe2-o) (4). Complexes 1–6 were characterized by elemental analysis and NMR spectroscopy. Complexes 2, 4 and 5 were structurally validated by single crystal X-ray diffraction. These complexes were highly active for polymerization with 2-vinylpyridine to afford iso-tactic polymers with high molecular weight and narrow molecular weight distribution. Complex 4 promoted the polymerization in a controlled fashion, and the iso-selectivity of the polymerization reached up to a Pm value of 0.98. Analyses of the oligomer by NMR and MALDI-TOF showed that the polymerization proceeded via a group transfer polymerization mechanism.

Graphical abstract: Controlled iso-specific polymerization of 2-vinylpyridine catalyzed by arylamide-ligated rare-earth metal aminobenzyl complexes

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Aug 2018, accepted on 17 Oct 2018 and first published on 18 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03330G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 15967-15976
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    Controlled iso-specific polymerization of 2-vinylpyridine catalyzed by arylamide-ligated rare-earth metal aminobenzyl complexes

    M. Li, C. Wang, J. Chen, Z. Guo, Z. Mou and Y. Luo, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 15967
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03330G

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