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Insight into the factors influencing NMR parameters in crystalline materials from the KF–YF3 binary system

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Abstract

Solid state NMR signals are very sensitive to the local environment of the observed nucleus; however, their interpretation is not straightforward. On the other hand, first-principles DFT calculations of NMR parameters can now be applied to periodic compounds to predict NMR parameters. Thus, ab initio calculations can help to interpret the NMR spectra exhibited by complex materials, to assign NMR lines to structural environments, and even to enlighten the environmental factors influencing the NMR parameters for a given nucleus. Both techniques have been applied to crystalline compounds of the KF–YF3 binary system, γ-K3YF6, K2YF5, KYF4, β-KY2F7 and α-KY3F10, which present a variety of YFn and KFm polyhedra. First, the structure of K2YF5 was refined in the Pnma space group and, for all compounds, atomic positions were optimized by DFT. The 19F, 89Y and 39K NMR spectra have been recorded and the measured NMR parameters are compared to those calculated from the first-principles DFT method, allowing unambiguous assignments of NMR lines to crystallographic sites. Linear correlations between the experimental δiso and calculated σiso values for the three nuclei are used to predict the theoretical 19F spectra of KYF4 (24 F sites) and β-KY2F7 (19 F sites) as well as the 39K spectrum of KYF4 (6 K sites). For 89Y and 39K, both computational and experimental results show a decrease of the isotropic chemical shift values when the cation coordination number increases. Above all, 89Y isotropic chemical shift values correlate with the number of K atoms present in the Y second coordination sphere. For 19F, the combination of isotropic chemical shift and chemical shift anisotropy allows for distinguishing four kinds of F environments.

Graphical abstract: Insight into the factors influencing NMR parameters in crystalline materials from the KF–YF3 binary system

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2018, accepted on 25 Nov 2018 and first published on 27 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03241F
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article
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    Insight into the factors influencing NMR parameters in crystalline materials from the KF–YF3 binary system

    J. Dabachi, M. Body, J. Dittmer, A. Rakhmatullin, F. Fayon and C. Legein, Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03241F

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