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Issue 41, 2018
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A new quinoline based luminescent Zr(IV) metal–organic framework for the ultrasensitive recognition of 4-nitrophenol and Fe(III) ions

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Abstract

A Zr(IV) based luminescent metal–organic framework (MOF; 1) was synthesized by a solvothermal method using a mixture of ZrCl4, quinoline-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (H2QDA) ligand and trifluoroacetic acid (modulator) having a 1 : 1 : 10 molar ratio in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). For activation, the methanol-exchanged sample was heated under high vacuum at 120 °C for 1 day. Different techniques like X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis were applied to fully characterize 1. The activated form of 1 (called 1′) has the formula [Zr6O6(OH)2(CF3COO)2(C11H5NO4)4(H2O)4]. It exhibited quick response and great selectivity for the fluorimetric sensing of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) in acetonitrile and Fe3+ ions in water. The probe maintained its high selectivity for 4-NP and Fe3+ ions even in the presence of potentially intrusive nitroaromatics and metal ions, respectively. The detection limits for 4-NP and Fe3+ were found to be 1.40 ppt and 0.71 ppb, respectively. These values are the lowest among the existing MOF probes for Fe3+ and 4-NP. The electron and energy transfer processes along with the electrostatic interactions of 4-NP with the MOF can be the possible reasons for the selectivity for 4-NP. The fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) process can be the major reason behind the quenching mechanism for Fe3+ ions. The recyclability test indicates that 1′ is a promising probe for the long-term detection of 4-NP and Fe3+ ions.

Graphical abstract: A new quinoline based luminescent Zr(iv) metal–organic framework for the ultrasensitive recognition of 4-nitrophenol and Fe(iii) ions

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jul 2018, accepted on 12 Sep 2018 and first published on 12 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03058H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 14696-14705
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    A new quinoline based luminescent Zr(IV) metal–organic framework for the ultrasensitive recognition of 4-nitrophenol and Fe(III) ions

    C. Gogoi and S. Biswas, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 14696
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03058H

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