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Issue 42, 2018
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On the influence of the titanium source on the composition and structure of novel titanoniobates

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Abstract

Systematic variation of the titanium source and the reaction temperature applied during hydrothermal synthesis led to crystallization of four new titanoniobates: {[Ni(cyclam)]4[Ti2Nb8O28]}n·∼28nH2O (I), K[Ni(cyclam)]3[TiNb9O28xH2O; x = 18 (II), x = 14 (III) and x ∼ 10 (IV). These are the first titanoniobates with Ni2+-centered amine complexes acting as counter cations and additionally, this is the first report of transition metal complexes expanded by monotitanoniobates. While I is obtained using Ti(OiPr)4, II–IV are formed using K2TiO(C2O4)·2H2O as the educt. The presence of oxalate anions seems to influence the coordination environments of the Ni2+ cations that are octahedrally coordinated in I, and in a square-planar environment in II–IV. The titanium source also affects the degree of substitution of NbV by TiIV. Temperature-dependent syntheses demonstrate that the formation of I does not depend on the reaction temperature, while the formation of II–IV is clearly affected by this parameter. Regarding the arrangement of crystal water molecules, patterns of different dimensionalities ranging from 0D to 3D are formed which can be classified as water clusters. Each compound exhibits a pronounced plateau in the thermogravimetric curves after the removal of crystal H2O molecules. Rehydration experiments after water removal proved that except for compound III, the re-integration of water was successful.

Graphical abstract: On the influence of the titanium source on the composition and structure of novel titanoniobates

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Article information


Submitted
10 Jul 2018
Accepted
27 Sep 2018
First published
27 Sep 2018

Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 15103-15113
Article type
Paper

On the influence of the titanium source on the composition and structure of novel titanoniobates

J. Dopta, S. Grzanna, C. Näther and W. Bensch, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 15103
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT02835D

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