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Issue 37, 2018
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Structure and properties of a novel boride: ThNi12B6

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Abstract

Investigation of the system Th–Ni–B prompted a novel ternary compound ThNi12B6. X-ray structure analysis of single crystals obtained by the mechanical fragmentation of an as-cast sample revealed a fully ordered CeNi12B6-type structure (space group Cmc21, no. 36; a = 0.95638(1) nm, b = 0.73852(1) nm, c = 1.10195(1) nm; RF2 = 0.0305). Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been performed comprising heat of formation, electronic band structure and density of states, Fermi surface via Wannier functions, phonon band structure and density of states, phonon and electronic contributions to specific heat and elastic constants Cij. Comparing the parameters evaluated from DFT with the experimental data, an overall satisfactory agreement has been achieved. Measurements of electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility and specific heat manifest a Pauli paramagnetic, metallic behaviour for ThNi12B6 without any anomalies, in close match with the isotypic homologue LaNi12B6. Static and dynamic hardness data show rather high values; Young's modulus is in the range of 240 GPa. The Debye temperature, θD = 490 K, gained via elastic constants, is slightly higher than the values extracted from specific heat or electrical resistivity data. A rather low coefficient of thermal expansion, α = 5.5 × 10−6 K−1, was derived from the temperature dependent length change.

Graphical abstract: Structure and properties of a novel boride: ThNi12B6

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jun 2018, accepted on 06 Aug 2018 and first published on 07 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT02601G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 12933-12943
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    Structure and properties of a novel boride: ThNi12B6

    S. Steiner, G. Rogl, H. Michor, P. Rogl, G. Giester and A. P. Gonçalves, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 12933
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT02601G

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