Rationalizing the sign and magnitude of the magnetic coupling and anisotropy in dinuclear manganese(iii) complexes†‡
We have synthesised twelve manganese(III) dinuclear complexes, 1–12, in order to understand the origin of magnetic exchange (J) between the metal centres and the magnetic anisotropy (D) of each metal ion using a combined experimental and theoretical approach. All twelve complexes contain the same bridging ligand environment of one μ-oxo and two μ-carboxylato, that helped us to probe how the structural parameters, such as bond distance, bond angle and especially Jahn–Teller dihedral angle affect the magnetic behaviour. Among the twelve complexes, we found ferromagnetic coupling for five and antiferromagnetic coupling for seven. DFT computed the J and ab initio methods computed the D parameter, and are in general agreement with the experimentally determined values. The dihedral angle between the two Jahn–Teller axes of the constituent MnIII ions are found to play a key role in determining the sign of the magnetic coupling. Magneto-structural correlations are developed by varying the Mn–O distance and the Mn–O–Mn angle to understand how the magnetic coupling changes upon these structural changes. Among the developed correlations, the Mn–O distance is found to be the most sensitive parameter that switches the sign of the magnetic coupling from negative to positive. The single-ion zero-field splitting of the MnIII centres is found to be negative for complexes 1–11 and positive for complex 12. However, the zero-field splitting of the S = 4 state for the ferromagnetic coupled dimers is found to be positive, revealing a significant contribution from the exchange anisotropy – a parameter which has long been ignored as being too small to be effective.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Frontiers in coordination chemistry and its applications