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Magnetic studies of layer-by-layer assembled polyvinyl alcohol/iron oxide nanofilms

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Abstract

This study reports on investigation of the magnetic properties of layer-by-layer (LbL) assembled nanofilms comprising polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and citrate-coated magnetite (cit-MAG) nanoparticles deposited onto silicon (SF sample) and glass (GF sample) substrates. DC magnetization measurements were performed over the temperature range of 4 K to 300 K, in the applied magnetic field range of ±60 kOe. The magnetic data of the as-synthesized cit-MAG nanoparticles (F sample) are also collected for comparison. The three as-fabricated samples reveal perfect superparamagnetic (SPM) behavior only around room temperature; at temperatures lower than 200 K the SPM scaling is not observed and all samples behave as interacting superparamagnetic (ISPM) materials. The evolution from the ISPM to the SPM regime is marked by a steady decrease in the hysteretic properties of all samples, with the temperature-dependence of the coercivity decreasing slower than the T1/2 behavior predicted for non-interacting superparamagnetic particles. The modified Bloch's law used to assess information on nanoparticles’ surface spins gives the Bloch's exponent close to 2 (for the F and SF samples) and close to 1 (for the GF sample). Interestingly, the surface spin freezing temperature (Tf) is 8 ± 1 K for all samples. The magnetic behavior of all three samples can be described within the model picture of a core–shell structure for the cit-MAG nanoparticles; the core comprising magnetically-ordered spins whereas the shell behaving as a spin-glass-like system. However, the contribution of the shell magnetism to the effective magnetic properties is much more evident in the GF sample in which magnetic dipole–dipole interaction is three-times weaker than in the SF sample and two times weaker than in the F sample. In contrast, the strong magnetic dipole–dipole interaction in the SF sample affects the surface spins, hindering the onset of magnetically-ordered regions in the nanoparticle's shell, making the surface magnetism contribution negligible. The LbL-fabricated nanofilms herein reported and the presented analysis of their magnetic properties we envisage can support the engineering of magnetic nanofilms for multiple applications.

Graphical abstract: Magnetic studies of layer-by-layer assembled polyvinyl alcohol/iron oxide nanofilms

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Aug 2018, accepted on 28 Sep 2018 and first published on 28 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05404E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article
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    Magnetic studies of layer-by-layer assembled polyvinyl alcohol/iron oxide nanofilms

    E. Mosiniewicz-Szablewska, A. R. Clavijo, A. P. O. R. Castilho, L. G. Paterno, M. A. Pereira-da-Silva, J. Więckowski, M. A. G. Soler and P. C. Morais, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05404E

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