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Issue 43, 2018
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Independence between friction and velocity distribution in fluids subjected to severe shearing and confinement

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Abstract

Friction reduction is more than ever a key point in saving natural resources and energy, and the question of how to achieve this concerns first and foremost every lubricated system. Among the observed phenomena related to lubricated friction, limiting shear stress (LSS) appears to be one of the most challenging to explain, since its origin is still uncertain. Various scenarios have been proposed involving a transition to a glassy state under high pressure, shear banding, shear localization, or even the occurrence of slip at the solid–liquid interface, none of which have proven conclusive. This work provides new insights into the mechanisms leading to LSS and the underlying flow organization. It bridges a gap between the scenarios previously discussed in the literature to explain the mechanisms behind LSS and friction experiments, which provide macroscopic results only. We first present some general molecular dynamics (MD) simulations developed to characterize molecular fluids in their bulk state and then proceed to study their response under severe shearing and confinement. Results from simulations are compared to experimental data derived from friction tests. A further analysis of the pressure and temperature involved hints that LSS and the physical state of the lubricant are strongly interconnected concepts. Additionally, the friction results were uncorrelated to the choice of surfaces, contrary to velocity distribution.

Graphical abstract: Independence between friction and velocity distribution in fluids subjected to severe shearing and confinement

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jul 2018, accepted on 09 Oct 2018 and first published on 10 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04620D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 27280-27293
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    Independence between friction and velocity distribution in fluids subjected to severe shearing and confinement

    A. Porras-Vazquez, L. Martinie, P. Vergne and N. Fillot, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 27280
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04620D

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