Activated barrier crossing dynamics of a Janus particle carrying cargo
We numerically study the escape kinetics of a self-propelled Janus particle, carrying a cargo, from a meta-stable state. We assume that the cargo is attached to the Janus particle by a flexible harmonic spring. We take into account the effect of the velocity field created in the fluid due to movements of the dimer's components, by considering a space-dependent diffusion tensor (Oseen tensor). Our simulation results show that the synchronization between barrier crossing events and the rotational relaxation process can enhance the escape rate to a large extent. Also, the load carrying capability of a Janus particle is largely controlled by its rotational dynamics and self-propulsion velocity. Moreover, the hydrodynamic interaction, conspicuously, enhances the escape rate of the Janus–cargo dimer. The most important features in escape kinetics have been justified based on analytic arguments.