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Issue 44, 2018
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Rovibrational laser jet-cooled spectroscopy of SF6–rare gas complexes in the ν3 region of SF6

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High resolution infrared spectroscopy combining an external cavity quantum cascade laser with a pulsed pin hole supersonic jet is used to investigate small van der Waals (vdW) heteroclusters containing SF6 and rare gas (Rg) atoms in the ν3 region of SF6. In the first step of the analysis, the rovibrational band contours of parallel and perpendicular transitions of 1 : 1 SF6–Rg heterodimers (Rg = Ar, Kr, Xe) are simulated to derive ground and excited state parameters and hence ground state and equilibrium S–Rg distances with a precision better than 0.5 pm. These values are used to assess quantum chemistry calculations (DFT-D method) as well as semi-empirical predictions (combination rules). In the second step, the spectral signatures of the 1 : 1 heterodimers and of larger heteroclusters containing up to three Rg atoms have been identified by considering reduced vibrational red shifts, i.e., shifts normalized to the average 1 : 1 red shift. The reduced vibrational red shifts within the series of bands observed and assigned to 1 : 1 and 1 : 2 complexes are found to be independent of the Rg atom, which suggests similar 1 : 1 and 1 : 2 structures along the Rg series. In addition, the increasing number of bands when going from monomer to 1 : 2 complexes illustrates the increased lifting of vibrational degeneracy induced by Rg solvation. Finally, the vibrational shifts of the 1 : 1 SF6–Rg heterodimers are found to fit an intermolecular interaction model in which long-range attractive and short-range repulsive contributions to the vibrational shift are found to partially cancel out, the former being dominant. From the same model, well depths are obtained and are found to compare well with quantum chemistry calculations and semi-empirical combination rules.

Graphical abstract: Rovibrational laser jet-cooled spectroscopy of SF6–rare gas complexes in the ν3 region of SF6

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jul 2018, accepted on 09 Oct 2018 and first published on 12 Oct 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04387F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 28105-28113

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    Rovibrational laser jet-cooled spectroscopy of SF6–rare gas complexes in the ν3 region of SF6

    P. Asselin, A. C. Turner, L. Bruel, V. Brenner, M. Gaveau and M. Mons, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 28105
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04387F

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