Unveiling the role of intra and interatomic interactions in the energetics of reaction schemes: a quantum chemical topology analysis†
In this work we present a detailed analysis of selected reaction schemes in terms of the atomic components of the electronic energy defined by the quantum theory of atoms in molecules and the interacting quantum atoms method. The aim is to provide an interpretation tool for the energy change involved in a chemical reaction by means of the atomic and interaction contributions to the energies of the molecules involved. Ring strain in cyclic alkanes, the resonance energy of aromatic and antiaromatic molecules, local aromaticity in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, intermolecular bonding in hydrogen fluoride clusters, and hydration of d-block metal dications were selected for the study. It was found that in addition to the changes in the strong C–C interactions in the carbon skeleton of the organic molecular rings, other contributions not usually considered to be important such as those between C and H atoms (either bonded or not) need to be considered in order to account for the net energy changes. The analysis unveils the role of the ionic and covalent contributions to the hydrogen bonding in HF clusters and the energetic origin and extent of cooperative effects involved. Moreover, the “double-hump” behavior observed for the hydration energy trend of [M(H2O)6]2+ complexes is explained in terms of the deformation energy of the metal cation and the increasingly covalent metal–water interactions. In addition, proper comparisons with the description provided by other methodologies are briefly discussed. The topological approach proposed in this contribution proves to be useful for the description of energy changes of apposite reaction schemes in chemically meaningful terms.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Celebrating recent chemical science in Mexico