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Issue 34, 2018
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Molecular investigation of the wettability of rough surfaces using molecular dynamics simulation

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Abstract

In the present study, a computational investigation on the effect of surface roughness on the wettability behavior of water nanodroplets has been performed via molecular dynamics simulation. To fabricate the roughness, several grooves with different depths and widths were considered on the top layer(s) of graphite. Free energy analysis indicates that surface roughness reduces the solid–liquid adhesion and the work done for the removal of the nanodroplet from the solid surface. This reduction increases with an increase in both the depth and width of the grooves. Furthermore, the adhesion in Wenzel state is greater than that in the Cassie–Baxter state. Results show that increasing the depth and decreasing the width of the grooves decrease the wettability and the nanodroplet locates in the Cassie–Baxter state. In addition, both the Cassie–Baxter and Wenzel models effectively predict the nanodroplet contact angle on the rough surfaces. Furthermore, the probability of successful interactions decreases in the solid–liquid interfaces due to the heterogeneity of the surface. Therefore, the density, the residence time and the hydrogen bond lifetime of the water molecules in the layer in the vicinity of the substrate decrease. In addition, surface roughness affects the orientation of the water molecules at the interface, the diffusion of water molecules as well as the movement of the water nanodroplet.

Graphical abstract: Molecular investigation of the wettability of rough surfaces using molecular dynamics simulation

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jun 2018, accepted on 06 Aug 2018 and first published on 06 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP03762K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 22308-22319
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    Molecular investigation of the wettability of rough surfaces using molecular dynamics simulation

    H. Yaghoubi and M. Foroutan, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 22308
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP03762K

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