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Direct diabatization based on nonadiabatic couplings: the N/D method

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Abstract

Diabatization converts adiabatic electronic states to diabatic states, which can be fit with smooth functions, thereby decreasing the computational time for simulations. Here we present a new diabatization scheme based on components of the nonadiabatic couplings and the adiabatic energy gradients. The nonadiabatic couplings are multi-dimensional vectors that are singular along conical intersection seams, and this makes them essentially impossible to fit; furthermore they have unphysical aspects due to the assumptions of the generalized Born–Oppenheimer scheme, and therefore they are not usually used in diabatization schemes. However, we show here that the nonadiabatic couplings can provide a route to obtaining diabatic states by using the sign change of the energy gradient differences of adiabatic states on paths through conical intersections or locally avoided crossings. We present examples applying the method successfully to several test systems. We compare the method to other diabatization methods previously developed in our group.

Graphical abstract: Direct diabatization based on nonadiabatic couplings: the N/D method

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 May 2018, accepted on 01 Oct 2018 and first published on 02 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP03410A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article
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    Direct diabatization based on nonadiabatic couplings: the N/D method

    Z. Varga, K. A. Parker and D. G. Truhlar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CP03410A

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