High-resolution broadband sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy using intrapulse interference†
We theoretically propose a new approach to obtain high-spectral-resolution sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectra using intrapulse interference. By introducing a π-step phase modulation to the broadband 800 nm pulse, the broadband 800 nm laser pulse splits into two distinguishable pulses in the time domain with a fixed time delay. The resolution of the intrapulse interference SFG can be better than 1 cm−1 and is limited only by the spectral resolution of the spectrometer. This approach can accurately retrieve the amplitude and the relative phase of vibrational peaks. Additionally, the sensitivity of SFG is enhanced by adopting femtosecond IR and femtosecond visible pulses.