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Issue 34, 2018
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Non-covalent interactions for carbonaceous materials: impacts of doping, curving and their combination

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Abstract

Non-covalent interactions play a critical role during the application of carbonaceous materials. DFT calculations are presently employed to study the non-covalent interactions of graphene flakes (GFs) with ion pairs, considering the impacts of doping (electron-deficient and electron-rich) and curving (direction, curvature and surface: inner and outer) as well as their combined effects. The results are relevant to carbon nanotubes, from which curved graphene sheets can be facilely produced. Doping changes the predominant binding configurations and fundamentally affects non-covalent interactions, and all dopants enhance the binding strength, especially the electron-deficient ones that alter frontier orbitals. Curving will not alter the binding configurations but despite the lower impact compared to doping, larger curvatures may result in structural collapse. The changing trends of non-covalent interactions are opposite for inner and outer surfaces. Combined effects during non-covalent interactions are then tackled, producing four influencing factors that decrease as identity of dopant > curvature > curving direction and identity of dopant > surface. The sign of the combined effects (Ω > 0: counteractive while Ω < 0: synergetic) relies strongly on the identity of the dopants, and the other factors contribute less as elaborated in the text. Meanwhile, insightful clues about utilizing different computational methods to handle non-covalent interactions are offered. The results obtained thus far greatly further the understanding of non-covalent interactions regarding carbonaceous materials.

Graphical abstract: Non-covalent interactions for carbonaceous materials: impacts of doping, curving and their combination

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Apr 2018, accepted on 03 Aug 2018 and first published on 03 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02286K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 22228-22240
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    Non-covalent interactions for carbonaceous materials: impacts of doping, curving and their combination

    C. Zhu, Q. Wang, J. Yun, Q. Hu and G. Yang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 22228
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02286K

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