Cascade sensitization of triplet–triplet annihilation based photon upconversion at sub-solar irradiance†
In triplet–triplet annihilation based upconversion, high-energy photons are generated through the annihilation of fluorophore triplets, populated via energy transfer from a light-harvesting sensitizer. However, the absorption band of common sensitizers is narrow, limiting the fraction of recoverable photons. We overcome this issue using a third chromophore as an additional light-harvester in the transparency window between the upconverted luminescence and the sensitizer absorption. The third component transfers the extra-collected energy to sensitizers, realizing a cascade-sensitized upconversion that shows a 20% increment of the high-energy photon output and a conversion yield of 10% at solar irradiance.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2018 PCCP HOT Articles