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Issue 3, 2018
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The aromatic character of [10]annulenes and dicupra[10]annulenes from current density calculations

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We have investigated the aromatic properties of seven low-lying isomers of [10]annulene and of the recently synthesized dicupra[10]annulene compounds that were crystallised with two or four lithium counterions (Wei et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2016, 138, 60–63). The molecular structures of the [10]annulene conformers and the dicupra[10]annulenes with bulky trimethylsilyl (TMS) and phenyl groups, as well as the corresponding unsubstituted dicupra[10]annulenes were optimised using density functional theory, employing a semi-empirical dispersion correction to consider van der Waals interactions. The structures of the hydrocarbon annulenes were subsequently optimised at the SCS-MP2/def2-QZVPD level. Single-point coupled-cluster calculations with explicit treatment of the electron correlation CCSD(F12)(T) were performed to obtain the relative energies of the hydrocarbon annulenes. Four of the conformations lie close in energy relative to each other. Three substituted and three unsubstituted dicupra[10]annulene structures with either four, two or no Li+ counterions were investigated. Magnetically induced current densities calculated using the GIMIC program were used for the assessment of the aromatic properties of the studied molecules. The conformations of [10]annulene with lowest energies are non-aromatic. The calculations revealed that the electron donation of the lithium atoms to the dicupra[10]annulene core significantly affects the electronic and molecular structures of the dicupra[10]annulenes. The annulene ring is non-planar for all studied dicupra[10]annulenes except for the unsubstituted one with four Li+ counterions, which was also found to be the only molecule that sustains a strong diatropic ring current around the dicupra[10]annulene ring. The other five dicupra[10]annulenes sustain very weak net ring currents and can be considered non-aromatic.

Graphical abstract: The aromatic character of [10]annulenes and dicupra[10]annulenes from current density calculations

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Oct 2017, accepted on 20 Nov 2017 and first published on 20 Nov 2017

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07212K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 1337-1346
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    The aromatic character of [10]annulenes and dicupra[10]annulenes from current density calculations

    M. Dimitrova and D. Sundholm, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 1337
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP07212K

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