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Issue 32, 2018
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Synthesis of hydrophobic MIL-53(Al) nanoparticles in low molecular weight alcohols: systematic investigation of solvent effects

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Abstract

The effects of using low molecular weight alcohols, methanol (MeOH) and ethanol (EtOH), for the synthesis of MIL-53(Al) are investigated and the results are directly compared with analogous synthesis in water and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). We have successfully synthesised MIL-53(Al), termed MIL-53(MeOH), using MeOH as the solvent and employing a reaction temperature of 150 °C, lower than that typically used for analogous water or DMF-based reactions. Several unique properties are observed for MIL-53(MeOH). The breathing phenomenon which is known for MIL-53(Al) derivatives, prepared using water or DMF as the reaction solvent, is not observed for samples prepared from MeOH and the framework adopts and remains in the large-pore form. Thus, measurement of N2-isotherms and calculation of internal surface areas have verified that the synthesis of MIL-53(MeOH) leads to a product which is highly porous with only minimal or no activation required. Furthermore, X-ray diffraction measurements and scanning electron microscopy at different humidity levels reveal a reversible loss of crystallinity at high humidity levels for MIL-53(MeOH) which was not observed previously for other MIL-53 derivatives. In contrast, the synthesis of MIL-53(Al) in ethanol leads to a product with low crystallinity.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of hydrophobic MIL-53(Al) nanoparticles in low molecular weight alcohols: systematic investigation of solvent effects

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
01 Jun 2018
Accepted
05 Jul 2018
First published
09 Jul 2018

CrystEngComm, 2018,20, 4666-4675
Article type
Paper

Synthesis of hydrophobic MIL-53(Al) nanoparticles in low molecular weight alcohols: systematic investigation of solvent effects

J. Warfsmann, B. Tokay and N. R. Champness, CrystEngComm, 2018, 20, 4666
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00913A

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