An efficient method for retro-Claisen-type C–C bond cleavage of diketones with tropylium catalyst
The retro-Claisen reaction is frequently used in organic synthesis to access ester derivatives from 1,3-dicarbonyl precursors. The C–C bond cleavage in this reaction is usually promoted by a number of transition-metal Lewis acid catalysts or organic Brønsted acids/bases. Herein we report a new convenient and efficient method utilizing the tropylium ion as a mild and environmentally friendly organocatalyst to mediate retro-Claisen-type reactions. Using this method, a range of synthetically valuable substances can be accessed via solvolysis of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds.