Two-dimensional self-assembled nanostructures of nucleobases and their related derivatives on Au(111)
The construction of two-dimensional (2D) self-assembled nanostructures has been one of the considerably interesting areas of on-surface chemistry in the past few decades, and has benefited from the rapid development and improvement of scanning probe microscopy techniques. In this research field, many attempts have been made in the controllable fabrication of well-ordered and multifunctional surface nanostructures, which attracted interest because of the prospect for artificial design of functional molecular nanodevices. DNA and RNA are considered to be programmable self-assembly systems and it is possible to use their base sequences to encode instructions for assembly in a predetermined fashion at the nanometer scale. As important constituents of nucleic acids, nucleobases, with intrinsic functional groups for hydrogen bonding, coordination bonding, and electrostatic interactions, can be employed as a potential system for the versatile construction of various biomolecular nanostructures, which may be used to structure the self-assembly of DNA-based artificial molecular constructions and play an important role in novel biosensors based on surface functionalization. In this article, we will review the recent progress of on-surface self-assembly of nucleobases and their derivatives together with different reactants (e.g., metals, halogens, salts and water), and as a result, various 2D surface nanostructures are summarized.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Scanning probe frontiers in molecular 2D-architecture world