Stable metal–organic frameworks as a host platform for catalysis and biomimetics
Recent years have witnessed the exploration and synthesis of an increasing number of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). The utilization of stable MOFs as a platform for catalysis and biomimetics is discussed. This Feature Article will provide insights into the rational design and synthesis of three types of stable MOF catalysts on the basis of structural features of MOFs, that is, (i) MOF catalysts with catalytic sites on metal nodes, (ii) MOF catalysts with catalytic sites immobilized in organic struts, and (iii) MOF catalysts with catalytic centres encapsulated in the pores. Then, MOFs used in biomimetics including biomimetic mineralization, biosensors and biomimetic replication are introduced. Finally, a discussion on the challenges that must be addressed for successful implementation of MOFs in catalysis and biomimetics is presented.