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Voltammetric analysis of naringenin at a disposable pencil graphite electrode – application to polyphenol content determination in citrus juice

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Abstract

The electrochemical behaviour of the flavonoid naringenin (NGN) was investigated for the first time by cyclic voltammetry (CV), using a disposable electroactivated pencil graphite electrode (PGE*). In this electrochemical sensor, NGN is irreversibly oxidized, giving rise to two pH-dependent peaks due to mixed (diffusion- and adsorption-controlled) electrode processes involving the same number of electrons and protons, namely two and one, respectively. Exploiting these peaks, differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) at PGE* in 0.05 mol L−1 potassium hydrogen phthalate were applied for quantitative determination of NGN. The new proposed methods presented linear ranges covering more than three orders of magnitude (7.86 × 10−8 to 1.82 × 10−4 mol L−1 NGN for DPV and 7.50 × 10−8 to 1.00 × 10−4 mol L−1 NGN for SWV) and low limits of detection (LoD) and quantification (LoQ) (LoD = 3.06 × 10−8 mol L−1, LoQ = 1.02 × 10−7 mol L−1 NGN for DPV and LoD = 4.40 × 10−8 mol L−1, LoQ = 1.11 × 10−7 mol L−1 NGN for SWV), similar to or better than those reported in the literature. The developed voltammetric methods were applied with good results to determine the intermediate antioxidant power polyphenolics content expressed as mg naringenin equivalent per L grapefruit juice.

Graphical abstract: Voltammetric analysis of naringenin at a disposable pencil graphite electrode – application to polyphenol content determination in citrus juice

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Oct 2018, accepted on 21 Nov 2018 and first published on 22 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AY02281J
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2018, Advance Article
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    Voltammetric analysis of naringenin at a disposable pencil graphite electrode – application to polyphenol content determination in citrus juice

    I. G. David, S. C. Litescu, D. E. Popa, M. Buleandra, L. Iordache, C. Albu, A. Alecu and R. L. Penu, Anal. Methods, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8AY02281J

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