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Issue 37, 2018
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Application of ultrasonication for facilitating the extraction of hippuric acid and methyl hippuric acid in real samples using Fe3O4@SiO2@sodium dodecyl sulfate: experimental design methodology

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Abstract

This study is centered around establishing an efficient, simple and reliable surfactant assisted dispersive micro solid-phase extraction method followed by the accurate trace determination of HA and MHA as biomarkers for exposure to toluene and xylene. To achieve the above goal, Fe3O4@SiO2@sodium dodecyl sulfate was employed for the extraction of two compounds from various environmental water and urine samples. Due to its superb dispersibility and appropriate structure after modification by SDS, the Fe3O4@SiO2@SDS sorbent exhibited a great deal of improvement in the extraction efficiency. Once the extraction of analytes had been achieved, they were desorbed from the sorbent using an appropriate solvent followed by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV). Under the optimal extraction conditions, the calibration curves for the analytes were linear over the concentration range of 1–1000 μg L−1 for water media and 5–4000 μg L−1 for urine media. The accuracy of the method was tested by relative recovery experiments on fortified real samples with the results falling within the range of 96 to 103.3%. Based on a signal-to-noise ratio of 3 (S/N = 3), the method detection limits were determined to be 0.2 μg L−1 and 0.5 μg L−1 for HA and MHA, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Application of ultrasonication for facilitating the extraction of hippuric acid and methyl hippuric acid in real samples using Fe3O4@SiO2@sodium dodecyl sulfate: experimental design methodology

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Aug 2018, accepted on 04 Sep 2018 and first published on 05 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AY01816B
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2018,10, 4588-4595
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    Application of ultrasonication for facilitating the extraction of hippuric acid and methyl hippuric acid in real samples using Fe3O4@SiO2@sodium dodecyl sulfate: experimental design methodology

    F. Omidi, M. Behbahani, M. Khadem, F. Golbabaei and S. J. Shahtaheri, Anal. Methods, 2018, 10, 4588
    DOI: 10.1039/C8AY01816B

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