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Issue 34, 2018
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A sensitive sandwich structure time-resolved fluorescence method for thrombin detection

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Abstract

We designed a sensitive and specific time-resolved fluorescence assay for detection of human thrombin. This design was based on the amplification of nanoparticles and the specificity of aptamers. The DC@AuNPs were prepared by the conjugation of AuNPs to BSA–Eu3+–DTPA and SH-Apt29. In the presence of thrombin, the formation of a quadruplex–thrombin complex could lead to the formation of a MNPs@Apt15–thrombin–DC@AuNP sandwich structure. In the presence of enhancement solution, Eu3+ interacted with the enhancement solution to produce strong fluorescence. Under the optimized conditions, the linear range of the method was from 1 pM to 100 pM of thrombin, and the limit of detection was 0.78 pM. Furthermore, the method could specifically recognize thrombin in the presence of other analogous proteins. The method is successfully used to determine thrombin in human plasma. This method has the advantages of high sensitivity and selectivity. It showed great potential for medical diagnosis.

Graphical abstract: A sensitive sandwich structure time-resolved fluorescence method for thrombin detection

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 May 2018, accepted on 01 Aug 2018 and first published on 08 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AY01135D
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2018,10, 4178-4182
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    A sensitive sandwich structure time-resolved fluorescence method for thrombin detection

    T. Wu, Y. Zhang, T. Hou, Y. Zhang and S. Wang, Anal. Methods, 2018, 10, 4178
    DOI: 10.1039/C8AY01135D

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