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Recent advances in single cell manipulation and biochemical analysis on microfluidics

Abstract

Single cell analysis has become of great interest with unprecedented capabilities for systematic investigation of cell-to-cell variation in large populations. Rapid and multi-parametric analysis of intercellular biomolecules at the single-cell level is imperative for the improvement of early disease diagnosis and personalized medicine. However, the small size of cells and the low concentration levels of target biomolecules are critical challenges for single cell analysis. In recent years, microfluidic platforms capable of handling small-volume fluid have been demonstrated as powerful tools for single cell analysis. In addition, microfluidic techniques allow precise control of the localized microenvironment, which yield more accurate outcomes. Many different microfluidic techniques have been greatly improved for highly efficient single-cell manipulation and high-sensitive detection over the past decades. Up to date, microfluidic-based single cell analysis has become the hot research frontier in this field. In this review, we particularly highlight the advances of this field during the past three years in the following three aspects: 1) microfluidic single cell manipulation based on microwells, micropatterns, droplets, traps and flow cytometric methods; 2) detection methods based on fluorescence, mass spectrometry, electrochemical, and polymerase chain reaction-based analysis; 3) applications in the fields of small molecules detection, protein analysis, multidrug resistance analysis, and single cell sequencing with droplet microfluidics. We also discuss the future research opportunities by focusing on key performances of throughput, multiparametric target detection and data processing.

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Jun 2018, accepted on 14 Sep 2018 and first published on 14 Sep 2018


Article type: Minireview
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN01186A
Citation: Analyst, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Recent advances in single cell manipulation and biochemical analysis on microfluidics

    D. Gao, F. Jin, M. Zhou and Y. Jiang, Analyst, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8AN01186A

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