A novel, fast and sensitive supercritical fluid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SFC-MS/MS) method for analysis of arachidonic acid metabolites
The development of a rapid, sensitive and reliable method for the quantification of bioactive arachidonic acid metabolites (AA-metabolites) in biological samples is quite challenging due to the minute concentration, short half-life and their structural complexity arising from different isomers. In this study, a simple, fast and environmentally friendly supercritical fluid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SFC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous measurement of five (PGD2, PGE2, PGF2α, 6KetoPGF1α and LTB4) AA-metabolites in biological samples. These analytes were extracted by protein precipitation followed by separation and quantification. The analysis was completed within 3 minutes. The matrix matched linear calibration ranged from 0.5–100 ng mL−1 (r2 ≥ 0.995), whilst, the limit of quantification of PGD2, PGE2, PGF2α, and LTB4 was 0.5 ng mL−1 and was 2.5 ng mL−1 for 6KetoPGF1α. The interday and intraday precisions of the method were less than 15% while the accuracy of most of the analytes varied between 83 and 109%. Finally, as a proof of concept, the method was successfully applied for the determination of eicosanoids in human samples, which expands the possibility to explore physiological states, disease phenotypes, and novel biomarkers.
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