Design principle of all-inorganic halide perovskite-related nanocrystals†
All-inorganic halide perovskite (AIHP)-related (e.g., CsPbBr3, Cs4PbBr6, and CsPb2Br5) nanocrystals have attracted great research interest in the recent three years, owing to their unique optical properties. However, rational structural and compositional control of these nanocrystals is still challenging, particularly using the room temperature saturated recrystallization (RTSR) method. Here, we revealed that the structure and the composition of the nanocrystals fabricated by the RTSR approach are highly dependent not only on the previously thought concentration ratio of PbBr2 and CsBr in N-dimethylformamide (DMF), but the previously neglected absolute concentration and reaction time. This is the reason why pure AIHP-related nanocrystals are usually difficult to prepare using the RTSR method. Through a series of carefully designed experiments, we obtained the evolution trend of the precipitation rate of PbBr2 and CsBr within a wide concentration range in DMF. Based on the understanding of the growth mechanism, we achieved preparation of pure or a mixture of CsPbBr3, Cs4PbBr6, and CsPb2Br5 nanocrystals through either control of the concentration of PbBr2 and CsBr or the reaction time. This study deepens our understanding of the growth mechanism of AIHP-related nanocrystals, paving the way for future engineering of nanocrystals with desired structures and compositions. These structures with desired compositions will definitely have promising applications in optical and optoelectronic devices.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry C top 5% most-read Q4 2018