Transition metal anchored C2N monolayers as efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions†
Developing highly active non-noble catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is essential for overall water splitting. In this work, by means of first-principles computations, we screened a series of transition metal atom anchored C2N monolayers (TMx@C2N, TM = Ti, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Ir, Pt, or Au) as electrocatalysts for both HER and OER. Almost all TMx@C2N composites show metallic properties, indicating outstanding charge transfer for efficient electrochemical procedures. Ti1@C2N, Mn1@C2N, Co2@C2N, Ni2@C2N, Cu2@C2N, Mo1@C2N, Ru2@C2N and Ir1@C2N exhibit high catalytic activity toward the HER. Among them, Ti1@C2N would be the best HER catalyst since both N and Ti atoms are active sites. Unfortunately, Ti1@C2N exhibits no OER activity. Instead, only Mn1@C2N could perform as a bifunctional electrocatalyst with N and Mn atoms as active sites for the HER and OER, respectively. This work would open a new door for the development of non-noble metal bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting and also shed light on C2N-supported nanomaterials as advanced catalysts.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2018 Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers