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Issue 23, 2018
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Maximum in density heterogeneities of active swimmers

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Abstract

Suspensions of unicellular microswimmers such as flagellated bacteria or motile algae can exhibit spontaneous density heterogeneities at large enough concentrations. We introduce a novel model for biological microswimmers that creates the flow field of the corresponding microswimmers, and takes into account the shape anisotropy of the swimmer's body and stroke-averaged flagella. By employing multiparticle collision dynamics, we directly couple the swimmer's dynamics to the fluid's. We characterize the nonequilibrium phase diagram, as the filling fraction and Péclet number are varied, and find density heterogeneities in the distribution of both pullers and pushers, due to hydrodynamic instabilities. We find a maximum degree of clustering at intermediate filling fractions and at large Péclet numbers resulting from a competition of hydrodynamic and steric interactions between the swimmers. We develop an analytical theory that supports these results. This maximum might represent an optimum for the microorganisms' colonization of their environment.

Graphical abstract: Maximum in density heterogeneities of active swimmers

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
22 Nov 2017
Accepted
15 Apr 2018
First published
01 May 2018

This article is Open Access

Soft Matter, 2018,14, 4666-4678
Article type
Paper

Maximum in density heterogeneities of active swimmers

F. J. Schwarzendahl and M. G. Mazza, Soft Matter, 2018, 14, 4666 DOI: 10.1039/C7SM02301D

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications without requesting further permissions from the RSC, provided that the correct acknowledgement is given.

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