Mechanistic insights into the SN2-type reactivity of aryl-Co(iii) masked-carbenes for C–C bond forming transformations†
Herein we describe the synthesis and characterization of a family of C-metalated aryl-Co(III) enolates, which can be considered as masked-carbenes, using diazoacetates as coupling partners. These species have been proved to be necessary intermediates in the C(sp2)–C(sp3) bond forming event to obtain cyclic amides, taming the elusive Co(III)-carbene species. The scope of diazoacetates has been exhaustively examined, varying the nature of the ester and the α-substitution, and a clear preference for electron-poor carbene precursors is observed. Exhaustive experimental and theoretical studies indicate that an unprecedented intramolecular SN2-type process governs the formation of the newly formed C–C bond. Furthermore, the key role of several Lewis acids as carboxylate-activating reagents is further explored by DFT calculations.