Dual-generation dendritic mesoporous silica nanoparticles for co-delivery and kinetically sequential drug release†
Although multi-drug synergetic therapy is increasingly important in clinical application, sophisticated delivery systems with the ability to deliver multiple drugs and realize sequential release with independently tunable kinetics at different stages are highly desirable. In this study, a dual-generation mesoporous silica nanoparticle (DAMSN) with three-dimensional dendrimer-like structure as an adaptable dual drug delivery system is developed. The DAMSN was synthesized via a heterogeneous interfacial reaction and was of uniformly spherical morphology (150–170 nm) with dendritic structures and hierarchical pores (inner pore, 3.5 nm; outer pore, 8.3 nm). And the inner generation of DAMSN was modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTMS). The IBU and BSA as model drugs were loaded into the inner generation via covalent conjugation and the outer generation by electrostatic adsorption, respectively. Intriguingly, DAMSN underwent a rapid bio-degradation for about 4 days, partly due to its center-radial dendritic channel structure. The release results showed that IBU was of a typical two-phase release profile with almost zero release in the first 12 h and more sustained release for the following 88 h, while BSA was sustained over a long period of 100 h. Notably, the release behaviors of both drugs can be independently tailored by changing the intrinsic properties of the DAMSN. In addition, DAMSN exhibited good bio-compatibility. These results indicated that the dual-generation, dendrimer-like MSN structure could spatiotemporally present different drugs to realize sequential drug release, and has potential use in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.