Bent-core dimers with top-to-bottom linkage between central units†
A structurally new type of core-to-core dimer with a top-to-bottom linkage between the central cores of bent molecules is presented. The structure of the bent-core molecules was modified by changing the length of the spacer between the central cores and terminal chains, by changing the type of linkage groups in the bent-core arms and by variation of the terminal chain polarity – introducing polyfluoroalkyl and oligosiloxane units. Additionally, the outer phenyl ring was substituted with three alkyl chains to mimic a polycatenar system. For all compounds the mesophase behaviour and structural parameters were established to gain information about the molecular structure–mesomorphic property relationship.