One-step green approach for functional printing and finishing of textiles using silver and gold NPs
In this study, we present a successful simple method for printing and finishing of polyester and cotton fabrics using gold and silver nanoparticles (Au-NPs and Ag-NPs, respectively) as stable, fast colorants and functional components. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands of the colloidal gold and silver NPs were observed at λmax 520 nm and 450 nm, respectively, indicating the presence of spherical Au-NPs and Ag-NPs, which was further confirmed by TEM analysis. The printed samples were subjected to SEM, XRD and EDX analyses. The SEM images and EDX spectra unequivocally confirmed the existence of embedded NPs on the fabric surfaces. Both the cotton and polyester samples possessed excellent color fastness, as indicated from the color fastness test. The functional properties of the printed fabrics indicated that the incorporation of Au-NPs and Ag-NPs into the fabrics simultaneously imparted multifunctional properties such as stable brilliant colors, highly durable antimicrobial activity and very good UV-protection properties.