Structural and magnetic study of undoped and cobalt doped TiO2 nanoparticles
The present study investigates the influence of cobalt doping on the structural and magnetic properties of TiO2 nanoparticles prepared by a simple wet chemical method. The single phase anatase structure of Co-doped TiO2 nanoparticles was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction. A morphological study using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy indicates the formation of TiO2 nanoparticles of sizes 6–10 nm. The high resolution TEM image shows clear lattice fringes indicating the highly crystalline nature of the nanoparticles which was further analysed by selected area electron diffraction pattern which indicates a polycrystalline nature of anatase TiO2. The shifting and broadening of the most intense Eg (1) mode in micro-Raman study of Co-doped TiO2 nanoparticles and XPS spectra indicate the incorporation of Co in TiO2. Magnetic measurement shows ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature in undoped TiO2 which has originated due to the presence of oxygen vacancies which are intrinsic in nature. But the M–H curve of Co-doped TiO2 shows the coexistence of ferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases with enhanced magnetization. The enhancement in magnetization has arisen due to Co doping and the paramagnetism may be due to the presence of some undetected clusters of oxides of cobalt.