Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 5, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

High-yield production of 2D crystals by wet-jet milling

Author affiliations


Efficient and scalable production of two-dimensional (2D) materials is required to overcome technological hurdles towards the creation of a 2D-material-based industry. Here, we present a novel approach developed for the exfoliation of layered crystals, i.e., graphite, hexagonal-boron nitride and transition metal dichalcogenides. The process is based on high-pressure wet-jet-milling (WJM), resulting in a 2 L h−1 production of 10 g L−1 of single- and few-layer 2D crystal flakes in dispersion making the scaling-up more affordable. The WJM process enables the production of defect-free and high quality 2D-crystal dispersions on a large scale, opening the way for their full exploitation in different commercial applications, e.g., as anode active material in lithium ion batteries, as reinforcement in polymer–graphene composites, and as conductive inks, as we demonstrate in this report.

Graphical abstract: High-yield production of 2D crystals by wet-jet milling

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 25 Apr 2018, accepted on 06 Jul 2018 and first published on 06 Jul 2018

Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8MH00487K
Mater. Horiz., 2018,5, 890-904

  •   Request permissions

    High-yield production of 2D crystals by wet-jet milling

    A. E. Del Rio Castillo, V. Pellegrini, A. Ansaldo, F. Ricciardella, H. Sun, L. Marasco, J. Buha, Z. Dang, L. Gagliani, E. Lago, N. Curreli, S. Gentiluomo, F. Palazon, M. Prato, R. Oropesa-Nuñez, P. S. Toth, E. Mantero, M. Crugliano, A. Gamucci, A. Tomadin, M. Polini and F. Bonaccorso, Mater. Horiz., 2018, 5, 890
    DOI: 10.1039/C8MH00487K

Search articles by author