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Issue 6, 2018
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Triphenylstannyl((arylimino)methyl)benzoates with selective potency that induce G1 and G2/M cell cycle arrest and trigger apoptosis via ROS in human cervical cancer cells

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Abstract

Metal complexes with organelle specificity and potent but selective cytotoxicity are highly desirable. A novel series of triphenylstannyl 4-((arylimino)methyl)benzoates (2–8) were obtained by the reactions of triphenylstannyl 4-formylbenzoate [Ph3Sn(L1)] 1 with primary aromatic amines. Two representative compounds (10, 11) were also synthesized by reacting aqua-triphenylstannyl 2-formylbenzoate [Ph3Sn(L9)(H2O)] (9) with aniline and p-fluoroaniline, respectively. These compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR and 1H, 13C and 119Sn NMR spectroscopy, as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction for compounds 5, 7–11 and three pro-ligands. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of 1–11 were assessed using the MTT tetrazolium dye assay against HeLa (human cervical) and MDA-MB-231 (breast) cancer cells, with IC50 values revealing high activity. Compared to cisplatin, compounds 1–11 exhibited enhanced cytotoxic efficacy, indicating their potential as potent anticancer agents. Among these, 1 and 5 demonstrated maximum inhibition in HeLa cells, with negligible effect on normal human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells. The combined results of the DCFH-DA dye and Hoechst 33342/PI nuclear staining assays, along with flow cytometry analysis, show that they possess a dual mode of action: They induced apoptotic cell death, attributable to the tin-assisted generation of reactive oxygen species. Cell cycle analyses indicated that compounds 1 and 5 exhibit cell growth inhibition and may cause turbulences in the G1 and G2/M phases.

Graphical abstract: Triphenylstannyl((arylimino)methyl)benzoates with selective potency that induce G1 and G2/M cell cycle arrest and trigger apoptosis via ROS in human cervical cancer cells

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
27 Oct 2017
Accepted
18 Dec 2017
First published
19 Dec 2017

Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 1993-2008
Article type
Paper

Triphenylstannyl((arylimino)methyl)benzoates with selective potency that induce G1 and G2/M cell cycle arrest and trigger apoptosis via ROS in human cervical cancer cells

T. S. Basu Baul, I. Longkumer, A. Duthie, P. Singh, B. Koch and M. F. C. Guedes da Silva, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 1993
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT04037G

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