Recent progress in 2D group-VA semiconductors: from theory to experiment
Phosphorene, an emerging two-dimensional material, has received considerable attention due to its layer-controlled direct bandgap, high carrier mobility, negative Poisson's ratio and unique in-plane anisotropy. As cousins of phosphorene, 2D group-VA arsenene, antimonene and bismuthene have also garnered tremendous interest due to their intriguing structures and fascinating electronic properties. 2D group-VA family members are opening up brand-new opportunities for their multifunctional applications encompassing electronics, optoelectronics, topological spintronics, thermoelectrics, sensors, Li- or Na-batteries. In this review, we extensively explore the latest theoretical and experimental progress made in the fundamental properties, fabrications and applications of 2D group-VA materials, and offer perspectives and challenges for the future of this emerging field.