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Issue 43, 2017

A random donor polymer based on an asymmetric building block to tune the morphology of non-fullerene organic solar cells

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Abstract

Non-fullerene organic solar cells (NF-OSCs) require donor polymers with different morphological properties from those used in fullerene devices to achieve optimal cell performance. In this paper, we report a random donor polymer (PTFB-M) constructed from an asymmetric donor unit (T–FB–T-M), which can effectively tune the morphology and thus enhance the performance of NF-OSCs. Compared with its analog polymer PTFB-P based on a C2 symmetric monomer, the asymmetric T–FB–T-M unit introduces some randomness in the PTFB-M polymer yielding several beneficial effects. Firstly, although the neat PTFB-M film exhibits slightly reduced crystallinity and hole mobility compared to PTFB-P, it can, to our surprise, better maintain its crystallinity when blended with non-fullerene acceptors, hence yielding NF-OSCs with higher hole mobility and fill factors (FF) compared to devices based on PTFB-P. In addition, PTFB-M also exhibits smaller and more favorable domain sizes in NF-OSCs, leading to higher external quantum efficiency (EQE) and short circuit current density (Jsc). As a result, when combined with a small molecule acceptor (SMA) ITIC-Th, PTFB-M yields a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.4%, whereas the PCE is only 8.4% for PTFB-P:ITIC-Th-based cells. This provides a useful approach to tune the morphology of donor polymers and to enhance the performance of NF-OSCs.

Graphical abstract: A random donor polymer based on an asymmetric building block to tune the morphology of non-fullerene organic solar cells

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
06 Sep 2017
Accepted
06 Oct 2017
First published
07 Oct 2017

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 22480-22488
Article type
Communication

A random donor polymer based on an asymmetric building block to tune the morphology of non-fullerene organic solar cells

J. Liu, L. Ma, Z. Li, H. Hu, T. Ma, C. Zhu, H. Ade and H. Yan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 22480 DOI: 10.1039/C7TA07830G

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