Understanding inks for porous-electrode formation
Scalable manufacturing of high-aspect-ratio multi-material electrodes are important for advanced energy storage and conversion systems. Such technologies often rely on solution-based processing methods where the active material is dispersed in a colloidal ink. To date, ink formulation has primarily focused on macro-scale process-specific optimization (i.e. viscosity and surface/interfacial tension), and been optimized mainly empirically. Thus, there is a further need to understand nano- and mesoscale interactions and how they can be engineered for controlled macroscale properties and structures related to performance, durability, and material utilization in electrochemical systems.