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Issue 2, 2017
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Carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization

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Carbon materials for electrodes of capacitive deionization (CDI) process are reviewed. Electrochemical cells are briefly explained by classifying into conventional, membrane and flow-electrode CDI cells. CDI performance of carbon materials, porous carbons, including activated carbons (ACs), activated carbon fibers (ACFs), templated nanoporous carbons, carbon aerogels, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and graphenes, have been reviewed in detail. The feasibility of CDI techniques is then discussed on the basis of the experimental results reported.

Graphical abstract: Carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization

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Article information

06 Aug 2016
16 Nov 2016
First published
16 Nov 2016

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 470-496
Article type
Review Article

Carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization

Z. Huang, Z. Yang, F. Kang and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 470
DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06733F

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