Molecular design of advanced lubricant base fluids: hydrocarbon-mimicking ionic liquids†
This paper describes the molecular design and tribological evaluation of novel room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) lubricants, abbreviated as P–SiSOs. The RTILs are designed to mimic hydrocarbons, in order to ensure their compatibility with existing tribosystems as well as enable use of conventional additives. Steel-on-steel ball-on-flat reciprocating tribotests performed under atmospheric conditions show that the neat P–SiSOs exhibit favorable performances, resulting in friction and wear significantly lower than those in the case of the perfluoropolyether lubricants used as references. Tribotests performed at elevated loads and temperatures indicate the formation of friction-reducing boundary films of the neat P–SiSOs. The tribological performance of the P–SiSO is improved further by the incorporation of additives conventionally used in hydrocarbon oils. When used in a concentration of 5 wt%, the additives glycerol monooleate, dibenzyl disulfide, and oleylamine improve the tribological characteristics of P–SiSO. These results indicate that molecular-designed hydrocarbon-mimicking RTIL lubricants can exhibit suitable performances in the neat form and that their performances can be improved further by using conventional additives, as in the case of hydrocarbon base oil-additive systems.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Ionic Liquids: Editors collection for RSC Advances