Recent advances in metal–nitrogen–carbon catalysts for electrochemical water splitting
The urgent need for clean and renewable energy and environmental awareness have promoted extensive research into creating a future sustainable energy supply system. Water electrolysis, considered the most promising technology for hydrogen production, has attracted much attention. A series of metal–nitrogen–carbon based heterogeneous electrocatalysts have been developed for HER and OER. Recent advances in this field are summarized here, including their structures, synthetic methods and especially highlighting the applications of several major kinds of catalysts in water splitting. Finally, the existing key challenges and research directions for enhancing performance are pointed out.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2017 Materials Chemistry Frontiers Review-type Articles